Form & Concept: Gestalt Principles

For this project, I was tasked to create twelve images. Two images for each of the following Gestalt Principles: Figure/Ground, Equilibrium, Similarity, Closure, Proximity, and Continuation. Gestalt is a school of psychology founded in the 1920s that deals with the mind’s self-organizing tendencies. The basic premise of gestalt (German for “essence or shape of an entity’s complete form”) is an assembly of elements is perceived as more than the sum of its parts. An overall pattern takes precedence over the individual elements that make up that pattern.

The principles described are defined as the following:

Figure/Ground is the tendency to interpret visual data as objects against a background. It involves the contrast between black and white, foreground, and background; dark and light; or equilibrium.

Equilibrium is the tendency toward order, balance, and maximum efficiency based on the understanding of natural phenomena such as gravity, heat, cold, and etc.

Similarity is the tendency of similar objects visualized as if they were in groups, and groupings draw our eye. Similar objects may be defined by shape, size, color, or direction.

Closure is the tendency to close gaps and complete the form for increased stability.

Proximity is the tendency for the brain to form a single object out of objects placed close together.

Continuation is the tendency of the eye to continue along interrupted straight or curved lines.

css.php